INITIATIVES and ACHIEVMENTS
of the
REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
in
BUILDING CORRUPTION FREE STATE

ommitment and uncompromising stance in combating corruption of the Republic of Kazakhstan is inspired by the political will and initiatives of the President and broad support of civil society.
Kazakhstan is building a modern state model similar to that of the countries leading in preventing corruption. Large scale economic, social and political reforms have been carried out. The third modernization of Kazakhstan has started.

The first prerequisite of modernization is the establishment of open and accountable government.
In this regard, a Law on Information Access was adopted and Open Government electronic platform consisting of the five open data portals was created. The platform enables every citizen to see the budgetary expenses, participate in discussing law drafts, get online consultations and file online complaints, as well as assess the effectiveness of government authorities without leaving his home. Currently, the Government is working on enhancing and optimizing the functioning of the mentioned portals on the basis of citizen feedback.
Today the Governments interactions with citizenry are based on the principles of customer-orientedness, transparency and accessibility of services. Currently, more than 47 percent of services were rendered in electronic format. All the licenses and permits are issued for businessmen in electronic format only.24 percent of services are rendered through one stop shops (via Government for Citizens state corporation). These measures allowed to reduce the level of day to day corruption by two thirds.
In the coming years, we plan that 80 percent of public services will be transferred to electronic format, the rest will be delivered through one stop shops.As a result of taken measures Kazakhstan occupies leading positions in the electronic government development index among South Eastern Asia countries. Our country is also 33rd among 174 countries according to the UN index.

After the adoption of the Law on Public Councils, heads of government authorities have to publicly report to the citizenry. More than 200 public councils are functioning on a regular basis. Every government authority has to submit the drafts of the legislation it is preparing for the review of the public council and has to consider the suggestions.
The next stage of the modernization of our country is redistribution of powers. As a result, 35 functions of the President have been transferred, thus strengthening the role of the Parliament and the autonomy of the Government. For instance, starting next year, we are introducing the fourth level of budget.
Local budgets will be adopted only after they are discussed with the public.Thus, the budget will be planned taking into account the needs and interests of the citizens of every region.

The success of the reforms depends on the effective work of the government machines.It is commonly known that during the epoch of the Soviet planning economy, the state controlled everything. During the independence years, we have reduced the control functions by half. This work continues.Currently, in the framework of modernization, we are conducting a comprehensive overview of controlling and supervisory functions of the government authorities. It is planned to reduce more than 40 percent of supervisory functions, and the part of the state functions will be transferred to a competitive environment.

Today, the civil service has switched to a career model that maximizes the principle of meritocracy.
Now, entering the civil service begins with entry-level positions, and promotion on the career ladder is possible with the appropriate skills, knowledge and experience in lower-level positions.
When entering the civil service, it is necessary to pass a three-stage selection system, including testing for knowledge of legislation, assessment of competencies and interview.Also, in order to increase the transparency of the state apparatus, it is envisaged that foreign managers can be hired in state authorities.
A special place in the protection of meritocracy is taken by the new Code of Ethics.
It regulates the standards of conduct of civil servants during official and off-duty hours.To comply with the norms of service ethics and prevention of violations of legislation, an independent post of Ethics Commissioner was introduced.

Kazakhstan is progressing along the path of the formation of a law-based state. A key aspect of the reforms was the development of modern justice:
- transition from a five-level justice system to a three-level system is implemented;
- the independence of the procedure for the selection and appointment of judges by the Supreme Judicial Council is ensured, as well as their inviolability;
- a new code of ethics for judges was adopted;
- full automation of court records management and distribution of court cases are ensured.

In December 2015, the President signed the Law on the establishment of the "Astana" International Financial Center.
Within this, in 2018 an independent financial court, based on the principles of English law will operate.This will allow to effective protection of foreign investors and resolve investment disputes.
The results of international ratings prove the effectiveness of ongoing judicial reforms.Kazakhstan moved 27 positions up in the "Ensuring the fulfillment of contracts" indicator of the World Bank "DoingBusiness-2016" rating.

The reforms also touched upon the law enforcement system and the prosecutor's office.
We got rid of punitive-repressive methods and accusatory bias in criminal proceedings.
The fundamental change in the sphere of prosecutor's supervision is the exclusion of the leftover of the Soviet past, the so-called "general supervision" from the functions of the prosecutor's office.

The new look of the prosecutor's office is in line with the best practices of the OECD and gives priority to protection and the restoration of human rights and freedoms, as well as the legality of the criminal process.
Functions of the police are decentralized, by creating a local police service, which is accountable to local executive authorities. On-line maps have been created, with the help of which it is possible to see all statistics on crimes in each region, as well as all appeals addressed to state authorities.
In the same place, everyone can leave a comment or question.The system of recruiting to law enforcement agencies has changed.Now, candidates for law enforcement agencies, like all state employees, are tested for knowledge of legislation and undergo an, assessment of personal competencies and interview.
The effectiveness of reforms in the law enforcement is confirmed by a three-fold increase in our country's indicators in the indicators "Organized crime" and "Reliability of law enforcement agencies" of the Global Competitiveness Index of the WEF.

Kazakhstan has consistently pursued a policy of liberalization and humanization of criminal penalties.
Today, the emphasis in the penal system is shifted to probation and resocialization. As a result, the share of non-custodial sentences amounted to 73% (22 627). The number of institutions of the penitentiary system is decreasing.This in total allowed reduce the prison population by three times.If in 1996 Kazakhstan occupied the third place in the world in terms of the prison population (94 thousand prisoners), conceding only to Russia and the United States, today Kazakhstan is already at 68th (35 thousand prisoners).

Following the implementation of a new anti-corruption policy based on the Strategy Kazakhstan-2050, the National Plan "100 Concrete Steps" and the Anti-Corruption Strategy our country has taken significant steps to reduce the level of corruption.
This work is based on a rational combination of anti-corruption education and prevention measures, with penal sanctions being the last resort. Such prevention measures as creating an anti-corruption culture, analysis of corruption risks, anti-corruption monitoring and standards have been set out in the legislation.
These comprehensive and complex measures resulted in:
- reduced administrative barriers and corruption risks;
- due to automation, the human factor is excluded, increased quality of public services, introduced standards and regulations for their provision;
- increased legal awareness and anti-corruption culture of the population.

Great attention is paid to anti-corruption education and awareness-building.
"Honest generation" ("Adal urpak") voluntary clubs were created almost in every school (more than 70%). With the support of the OSCE the textbook "Foundations of Anticorruption Culture" has been developed and is used now in all universities of the country for teaching a corresponding subject.
Mobile anti-corruption groups on specially branded buses began their work.
All of them are united by a single goal - to reach every citizen, to develop a stable immunity and a general rejection of corruption. As a result, there is an increase in the population's activity in fighting against corruption.In order to encourage informers, material incentives are being widely used - 167 people were given awards totaling to more than 60 000 euro, in 2016, which is 14 times more than in 2015.

The state does not intend to loosen institutes of criminal prosecution of corruption crimes. Officials convicted of corruption, regardless of their positions and ranks, are prosecuted with all the severity of the law. According to official data, more than 10 thousand people (10,391) have been convicted of corruption crimes since 2001.
Among them there are two Prime Ministers, nine Ministers Chairmen of agencies and their Deputys, fifteen Mayors of regions and cities, eight heads of national companies and eight generals of the national security, defence and law enforcement agencies.
Shifting the emphasis from punitive to preventive measures received a positive evaluation from international rating agencies. According to the results of the "Global Corruption Barometer" study by the Transparency International, for the past three years the proportion of citizens in Kazakhstan observing progress in countering corruption has doubled. The number of people giving bribes decreased by one third. In general, all anti-corruption work is based on close cooperation with OECD in the framework of the Istanbul Action Plan. It laid the grounds for adoption of the Anti-Corruption Strategy, introduction of external monitoring and evaluation of its implementation, adoption of more than 60 laws aimed at minimizing corruption. Currently introduction of criminal liability of legal entities, criminalization of promising and offering of bribes, as well as a number of other recommendations conceptually supported by Intergovernmental Working Group under the General Prosecutor's Office on Improvement of Criminal Law Agency is now developing mechanisms for their implementation.

The OECD recommendations direct Agency to further improve national anti-corruption legislation. In the framework of the OECD Country Program since 2015, 20 activities were carried out, 13 of them being comprehensive overviews. Active work on the implementation of the Integrity Scan recommendations is being carried out. Today Kazakhstan involved in 32 working bodies of the OECD in different capacities.